Effects of Changes in Composition of Herb Extract Product on Growth of Spoilage Yeast, Zygosaccharomyces sp.

생약복방제의 조성 변화가 부패성 효모 Zygosaccharomyces sp. 의 성장에 미치는 영향

  • 주종재 (군산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 곽이성 (한국인삼연초연구원) ;
  • 신현주 (군산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박관하 (군산대학교 해양생명의학과)
  • Published : 1999.10.01

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of food preservative addition and changes in composition of herb extract product on the growth of spoilage yeast, Zygosaccharomyces sp. Herbs such as Panax ginseng, Cinnamomum cassia, Lycium chinense, Zyzyphus juiuba and Jingiber officinale were altogether put into water and essence was extracted at 80oC, and then the extract was concentrated at 75oC. The herb extract product was made by adding vitamins, amino acids and honey to the concentrated herb extract. The amount of gas produced from the herb extract product was increased as inoculated cell number increased but decreased as Brix concentration increased. Gases were produced in small amount when incubation was made at 4oC but large amounts of gases were produced at 25 or 40oC of incubation. The gas production and growth of Zygosaccharomyces sp. were measured after browning reaction was induced by heating at 85oC for 12 hours. It appeared that heating treatment did not induce any significant change in the gas production and growth of the cell. The effects of addition of various sugar to the herb extract produce were also invesigated. Amounts of gas production were in the order of glucose>sucrose>oligosaccharide>stevioside. The viable cell count was measured as 6.0$\times$107 CFU/g when glucose was added to the herb extract product. The viable cell counts were 5.0$\times$106, 3.0$\times$103, and 3.0$\times$102 CFU/g in sucrose, oligosaccharide and stevioside added herb extract product, respectively. The amount of gas production from the herb extract product was remarkably reduced by addition of such food preservatives as sodium benzoate and DF 100. TLC(thin layer chromatography) chromatogram of the herb extract showed stability of the herb extract in the above treatments.

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