Quality Changes of Sterilized Soybean Paste during Its Storage

살균 된장의 저장과정 중 품질변화

  • 오만진 (충남대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 김종생 (충남대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 최성현 (충남대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 이상덕 (충남대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 이규희 (충남대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1999.10.01

Abstract

The sterilization was attempted to improve the quality deterioration of soybean paste during its storage. For this experiment, soybean paste was sterilized at 80oC for 30 minutes and stored during 6 months at 15oC and 30oC, respectively. The total approximate composition contents were moisture 52.5%, crude protein 11.94%, crude fat 2.0%, amino nitrogen 413.3mg%, sodium chloride 11.61% and ash 15.5%. According to the increase of storage period, pH was decreased gradually because of the increase of organic acids by the metabolism of microorganisms and the acid accumulation by acid forming bacteria, but titratable acidity was increased during storage. Amino nitrogen was rapidly increased for the first one or two month storage period and maintained as the same level for the rest of them. Each amino acid contents of soybean paste, which were glutamic acid, tryptophan, proline, arginine, and aspartic acid, had much higher level than others. In color changes sterilized soybean paste(SSP) was much lower than that of raw ones(RSP). Hunter L and b values on the surface of soybean paste were decreased during storage, and the decreasing levels were higher at 30oC than at 15oC. Hunter a value, however, was increased a little in the initial storage, and thereafter it was decreased. Lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, and molds were disappeared completely by the sterilization. However, the bacteria of aerobes and anaerobes were not disappeared by this processing.

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