Changes in Nutritional Components of Toha-jeot (Caridina denticulata denticulata $D_{E}$ $H_{AAN}$) with Low-salt, High-salt and Conventional Soybean Sauce during Long Fermentation

저염, 고염 및 재래식 간장으로 절인 토하젓의 장기 숙성과정중의 영양성분의 변화

  • 박영희 (동신대학교 식품생물공학과) ;
  • 박복희 (목포대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1999.12.01

Abstract

Changes in the nutritional components of Toha-jeot, salt-fermented Toha shrimp (Caridina denticulata denticulata $D_EH_{AAN}$), which was salted with a low-salt group of 15% sodium chloride (L), a high-salt group of 23% sodium chloride (H), a 50% conventional soybean sauce group (S) during long fermentation were investigated. These three groups were refrigerated at ${4\pm}1^{\circ}C$ and then taken out for analysis at three month intervals during 9 month. Even in the process of a long fermentation, the moisture containment of Toha-jeot in group L and S is 76.0~73.6% and in group H it is 70.0%, which are similar in all three groups. In case of the salinity, there was no change in groups L, H but it was lowered in group S during the fermentation. In all groups there was no change of pH. The free amino acid contents in Toha-jeot, of which ornitine, glutamic acid, leucine, alanine, lysine and valine occupy the majority, in order of abundance, increased gradually up to six months of fermentation and decreased by nine months. But free amino acid contents of S group increased continuously during the fermentation process. Hypoxanthine was altered almost among other nucleotides. ATP was not detected, IMP and inosine had disappeared after the six months for mentation. ADP was not detected after the nine months fermentation. Monoene, polyene and n-3 fatty acids were increased and saturated fatty acids were decreased in L and H groups. However, no changes of fatty acid contents in S group during fermentation were showed. The fatty acid contents of three groups, of which $C_{18:1},\;C_{16:0},\;C_{16:1}$ and $C_{20:5}$ occupy the majority, Mineral content of Toha-jeot is mainly consisted of Na, Ca, K and Mg. In the Hunter values, the redness of L group was superior to that of other groups.