A Study on the Precise End-Point Detection in Titration by Using the Phase Angle Measurements

위상각 측정에 의한 적정의 정확한 종말점 검출법에 관한 연구

  • Park, Byung-Bin (Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University) ;
  • Shin, Ho-Sang (Department of Environmental Education, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Han-Hyoung (Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University)
  • 박병빈 (공주대학교 자연과학대학 화학과) ;
  • 신호상 (공주대학교 사범대학 환경교육과) ;
  • 이한형 (공주대학교 자연과학대학 화학과)
  • Received : 1999.03.09
  • Published : 1999.08.25


A study on the application of impedance phase angle for redox titration, acid-base titration, chelate titration and precipitation titration has been carried out. A constant alternating current was passed between two platinum electrodes. One of them was a polarizable micro-electrode of $0.1cm^2$ or $0.026cm^2$ surface area and the other a non-polarizable large electrode of $1cm^2$ surface area dipped in the solution to be titrated. The impedance and the phase angle of the titration cell were measured with lock-in amplifier to obtain well behaved titration curve respectively. In titration of oxalic acid vs. potassium permanganate, the end-point was obtained successfully from the phase angle titration curve. In this experiment, the concentration of 0.0005 M to 0.05 M, the current of $50{\mu}A$ and the frequency of near 50 Hz were used. In titration of phosphoric acid vs. sodium hydroxide, the first end-point was obtained successfully on the optimum experimental condition of 0.001 M concentration, $50{\mu}A$ current and 25~97 Hz frequency. However, the end-point in titration of cupric sulfate vs. disodium-EDTA couldn't be obtained clearly. The end-point was obtained with the out-of-phase impedance curve on the experimental condition of 0.01 M concentration, $100{\mu}A$ current, 5~35 Hz frequency range. In titration of sodium chloride vs. silver nitrate, the end-point was obtained successfully on the experimental condition of 0.1 M concentration, $100{\mu}A$ current and 5~47 Hz frequency range. This study showed that the impedance phase angle was applicable for the detection of the end-points in redox titration curve, acid-base titration curve, chelate titration curve and precipitation titration curve.


impedance phase angle;end-point;titration curve


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