Sonication in the Analysis of Hexavalent Chromium in Welding Fume

초음파 전처리에 의한 용접 흄 중 6가 크롬의 분석

  • Yoon, Chung-Sik (WonJin Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health) ;
  • Paik, Nam-Won (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Han (Korea Institute of Industrial Technology) ;
  • Park, Dong-Uk (Department of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Jun (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Shin-Bum (WonJin Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health) ;
  • Chae, Hyun-Byung (Korea Institute of Industrial Technology)
  • Received : 1999.04.12
  • Published : 1999.10.25

Abstract

A study was conducted to compare three analytical methods for determination of hexavalent chromium in the welding fume. Precision and accuracy arc documented for colorimetric, ion chromatographic, and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopic method. Evidence is presented that welding fume can affect the oxidation of trivalent chromium. A simple sonication extraction method, proposed in this study, instead of hot alkaline extraction has the advantage of minimizing the potential for chromium oxidation.

Keywords

hexavalent chromium;welding fume;DPC;alkalIne extraction;sonication

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국산업안전공단 산업보건연구원

References

  1. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Overall evaluations of carcinogenicty: An updating of IARC monographs volumes 1 th 42 no.SUP.1 International Agency for Research on Cancer
  2. Appl. Occup Environ. Hyg. J. v.8 no.3 Finley, B.;K. Fehling;M. Falerios;D. Paustenbach
  3. Ann. Occup. Hyg. v.31 Pedersen, B.;Thomsen, E;Stern, R. M.
  4. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.46 no.6 Zatka, V. J.
  5. Talanta v.43 Girard L.;J. Hubert
  6. 한국산업위생학회지 v.6 no.2 이은정;노재훈;원정욱;전미령;조명화;김치년
  7. 한국산업위생학회지 v.4 no.2 노재훈;김치년;김춘성;김규상
  8. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.110 Naranjit, D.;Y. Thomassen;J. C. Van Loon
  9. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.44 no.6 Bhargava, O. P.;H. E. Bumsted;F. I. Grunder;B. L. Hunt;G. E. Manning;R. A. Riemann;J. K. Samuels;V. Tatone;S. J. Waldschmidt;P. Hernandez
  10. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.48 no.10 Molian, D.;M. T. Abell
  11. Method 218.6: Determination of dissolved hexavalent chromium in drinking water, ground water and industrial wastewater effluents by ion chromatography, (Rev.3) U. S. Environmental Protection Agency;E. J. arar;S. E. Long;J. D. Pfaff
  12. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.55 no.12 Karlsen, J. T.;T. Torgrimsen;S. Langard
  13. Arc 용접에서 Fume 발생특성 및 용접봉 송급성 평가기술(중간보고서) 한국생산기술연구원
  14. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.49 no.5 LO,F.B.;D. K. Arai
  15. Chromium in documentation of TLV American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists(ACGH)
  16. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.53 no.1 Sheehan P.;R. Ricks;S. Ripple;D. Paustenbach
  17. Ann. Occup. Hyg. v.27 no.2 Moreton J.;J. Betterlley;H. Mathers;A. Nicholls;R. W. Perry;D. B. Ratcliffe;L. Svensson
  18. Scan. J. Work Env. Health. v.5 Thomsen, E.;R. M. Stern
  19. U.S. department of Health, Education and Welfare, Publicatio No. 76-129 Criteria for a recommended standard-Occupational exposure to chromium(VI) National Institute for Occupational Safety;Health(NIOSH)
  20. 노동부고시 제97-53호 작업환경측정 및 정도관리 규정 노동부
  21. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. Abell M. R.;J. R. Carlberg
  22. Anal. Chem. v.67 no.14 Powell M. J.;D. W. Boomer;D. R. Wiederin
  23. Chromium in welding fme in welding fume-Source·characteristics·control Jenkins, A.;J. Moreton;P. J. Oakley;S. M. Stevens
  24. NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods,(4th ed.) National Institute for Occupational Safety;Health(NIOSH);P. M. Eller;M. E. Cassinelli
  25. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.44 no.6 Gray, C. N. A. M. Goldstone;P. R. M. Dare;P. J. Hewitt
  26. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. v.39 no.8 Lautner G. M.;J. C. Carver;R. B. Kozen
  27. Welding fumes-formation, properties and biological effects Voitkevich, V.
  28. Appl. Occup. Envion. Hyg. v.6 Shaw, M. L.;D. K. Verma;K. L. Fergyson
  29. Scan. J. Work Environ. Health. v.9 Blomquist, G.;C. A. Nilsson;O. Nygren
  30. Quality assurance of chemical measurements Tayor, J. K.
  31. J. Chromatogr. v.706 Inoue, Y.;T. Sakai;H. Kumagai
  32. Chromium, Environmental health criteria61 International Programme on Chemical Safety(IPCS)
  33. Anal. Chim. Acta. v.354 Gammelgaard, B.;Y. Liao;O. JØns
  34. 한국산업안전학회지 v.13 no.2 채현병;김정한;김희남
  35. Effects of welding on health IV Palmer, W. G.