Detection of Major Mycotoxins from Contaminated Cereals (Wheat, Soybean and Corn)

오염된 곡물류(밀, 콩, 옥수수)에서 주요 진균독소 검출

  • Chung, Ill-Min (Department of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Life Science, KonKuk University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Young (Department of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Life Science, KonKuk University) ;
  • Paik, Su-Bong (Department of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Life Science, KonKuk University) ;
  • Yu, Seung-Hun (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Chungnam National University)
  • 정일민 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 김은영 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 백수봉 (건국대학교 농업생명과학대학 식량자원학과) ;
  • 유승헌 (충남대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Received : 1999.04.20
  • Published : 1999.12.25

Abstract

The major mycotoxins were detected from wheat(Triticum aestivum L.), soybean(Glycine max Merr.) and com(Zea mays L.), infected postharvest phathogens, Penicillium, Aspergillus and Fusarium. Analyses of the major mycotoxins were conducted using HPLC analysis. Detected Penicillium mycotoxins of infected cereals were brefeldin A with amount ranged from 3.1 to 1240 ppm, citreoviridin with amount ranged from 40 to 80 ppm, griseofulvin with amount ranged from 3.6 to 26.0 ppm, citrinin with amount ranged from 0.3 to 4.0 ppm and patulin with amount ranged from 420 to 3800 ppm. Aspergillus toxins of infected postharvest wheat, soybean and corn were ochratoxin A with amount of 730 ppm, 12.4 ppm and 310 ppm, respectively.

Keywords

cereals;mycotoxins;postharvest;HPLC

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 교육부

References

  1. Mycotoxins-Production, Isolation, Separation and Purification Biological effects of mycotoxins V. Betina;V. Betina(ed.)
  2. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. v.6 K. Lee;S. R. Lee
  3. Advances in Chem. Ser. v.149 D. J. Harvan;R. W. Pero
  4. J. Food Prot. v.47 J. E. Schade;A. D. Jr. King
  5. Mycotoxins-Production. Isolation, Separation and Purifivarion Alternaria metabolites L. M Seitz;V. Betina(ed.)
  6. Food Addit. Contam. v.2 T. Tanaka;A. Hasegawa;Y. Matsuki;K. Ishii;Y. Ueno
  7. Republic of Korea J. H. Chun
  8. Kor. J. Mycol. v.3 H. S. Chung
  9. Korean J. Plant Pathol. v.6 J. G. Ryu;Y. W. Lee
  10. Food Addit. Contam. v.10 Mycotoxins in review A. E. Pohland
  11. Mycotoxins-Formation, Analysis and Significance J. E. Smith;M. O. Moss
  12. Korean Mycol. v.20 A. Zohri;S. M. Saber;Abded-Gawa
  13. Vet. Pathol. v.10 G. N. Szczech;W. W. Carton;J. Tuite
  14. Appl. Microbiol. v.26 F. E. Escher;P. E. Koehler;J. C. Ayres.
  15. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. v.81 P. Krogh;B. Hald;E. J. Pedersen
  16. Acta. Path. Microbiol. Sect. B. v.85 P. Krogh;B. Hald;R. Plestina;S. Ceovic
  17. Korean J. Plant Pathol. v.11 H. B. Lee;S. H. Yu
  18. Syst. Appl. Microbiol v.10 A. A. El-Banna;J. I. Pitt;L. Leistner
  19. Mycopathologia v.117 P. G. Thiel;F. W. O. Marasas;E. W. Sydenham;G. S. Shephard;W. T. A. Gelderblom
  20. Mycotoxic Fungi, Mycotoxins, Mycotoxicoses v.1 Penicillium Mycotoxins P. M. Scott;T. D. Wyllie(ed.);L. G. Morehouse(ed.)
  21. Modern Concepts in Penicillium and Aspergillus Classification Secondary metabolites as consistent criteria in Penicillium taxonomy and a synoptic key to Penicillium subgenus Penicillium J. C. Frisvad;O. Filtenborg;R. A. Samson(ed.);J. I. Pitt(ed.)
  22. Korean J. Plant Pathol. v.6 Y. W. Lee;K. H. Kim;H. S. Chung
  23. Medical Lab. Sciences v.48 G. Blunden;O. G. Roch;D. J. Rogers;R. D. Coker;N. Bradburn;A. E. John
  24. Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health v.39 Y. Ueno;O. Kawamura
  25. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. v.50 J. H. Forsell;J. J Pestka
  26. Konkuk Haksulji v.12 B. H. Lee
  27. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. v.77 P. Friis;E. Hasselager;P. Korgh
  28. Analytical Science and Technology v.11 no.3 I. M. Chung;H. J. Ju;S. C. Sim;S. B. Paik;S. H. Yu
  29. Food Addit. Contam. v.2 U. S. Lee;H. S. Jang;T. Tanaka;A. Hasegawa;Y. J. Oh;Y. Ueno
  30. Apple. Environ. Microbiol. v.54 W. C. A. Gelderblem;P. G, Thiel;K. Jaskiewez;W. F. O. Marasas;R. M. Horak;R. Vleggaar;N. P. T. Kriek.
  31. Food Cosmet. Toxicol. v.12 W. W. Carlton;G. Sansing;G. M. Szczech;J. Tuite