Analysis of Blood Toluene and Butane in Death Cases of Inhalant Abusers

사망사고 관련된 유해화학 물질 남용자들의 혈액 중 톨루엔과 부탄의 분석

  • Kim, Nam-Yee (National Institute of Scientific Investigation, Forensic Science Division) ;
  • Yang, Young-Geun (National Institute of Scientific Investigation, Forensic Science Division) ;
  • Chung, Hee-Sun (National Institute of Scientific Investigation, Forensic Science Division) ;
  • Park, Sung-Woo (National Institute of Scientific Investigation, Forensic Science Division)
  • 김남이 (국립 과학수사 연구소, 법과학부) ;
  • 양영근 (국립 과학수사 연구소, 법과학부) ;
  • 정희선 (국립 과학수사 연구소, 법과학부) ;
  • 박성우 (국립 과학수사 연구소, 법과학부)
  • Received : 1999.07.23
  • Published : 1999.12.25

Abstract

The blood toluene concentration was determined by using the GC/MSD with HS-SPME technique in postmortem blood, quantitatively. Butane gases was analyzed by using the GC/FID with HS technique in postmortem blood, qualitatively. Seventy five cases of dead associated with inhalation of glue or butane gases happened in Korea for the last 3 years (1996-1998). In 27 cases of deah due to glue sniffing, nine persons died as a result of a fall while intoxication and their blood tolucne concentration was fairly high in the range of $1.3{\sim}21.6{\mu}g/mL$. In case of death due to butane sniffing, fifty four persons died of acute butane gases inhalation or suffocation, and 6 persons died of butane gases as well as glue inhalation.

Keywords

inhalants;toluene;butane;HS-SPME

References

  1. 국립과학수사연구소연보 v.26 박성우;김남이
  2. Toxicology(2nd ed.) J. Doull;C. D. Klaassen;M. O. Amdur
  3. J. Anal. Toxicol. v.15 E. G. Saker;A. E. Eskew;J. W. Panter
  4. The Am. J. Forensic Med. and Pathol. v.18 no.3 T. P. Rohring
  5. 국립과학수사연구소연보 v.29 박성우;김남이
  6. 약물남용 민성길
  7. J. Anal. Toxicol. v.18 A. D. Jones;M. R. Dunlap
  8. 약물남용의 실태와 예방대책 주왕기;김경빈;박명윤
  9. J. Forensic Sci. v.39 no.1 S. P. Avis;T. Archibald
  10. Anal. Chem. v.65 Z. Zhang;J. Pawliszyn
  11. A textbook of modern toxicology E. Hodgson;P. E. Levie
  12. Principles and methods of toxicology(2nd ed.) A. W. Hayes
  13. J. Anal. Toxicol. v.12 R. Gill;S. E. Hatchett;D. Osselton