Effects of dopaminergic receptor stimulation on Mg2+ regulation in the rat heart and isolated ventricular myocytes

흰쥐의 심장과 심근세포에서 dopaminergic 수용체 자극이 Mg2+ 조절에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, Hyung-sub (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-shick (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-shang (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University)
  • Received : 1999.03.18
  • Published : 1999.06.22

Abstract

Magnesium($Mg^{2+}$) is one of the most abundant intracellular divalent cation. Although recent studies demonstrate that adrenergic receptor stimulation evokes marked changes in $Mg^{2+}$ homeostasis, the regulation of $Mg^{2+}$ by dopaminergic receptor stimulation is not yet known. In this work, we used dopaminergic agents to identify which type(s) of receptors were involved in the mobilization of $Mg^{2+}$ by dopaminergic receptor stimulation in the perfused rat hearts, isolated myocytes and circulating blood. The $Mg^{2+}$ content was measured by atomic absorbance spectrophotometry. Dopamine(DA), apomorphine(APO) and pergolide stimulated $Mg^{2+}$ efflux in the perfused rat hearts and these effects were inhibited by haloperidol or fluphenazine, nonselective dopaminergic antagonists. SKF38393, a selective doparminergic agonist, increased $Mg^{2+}$ efflux from the perfused hearts in dose dependant manners and SKF38393-induced $Mg^{2+}$ efflux was blocked by haloperidol. However, dopaminergic agonists-induced $Mg^{2+}$ efflux was potentiated in the presence of sulpiride or eticlopride, $D_2$-selective antagonist, from the perfused hearts. This increase of $Mg^{2+}$ efflux was blocked by haloperidol or imipramine. DA or pergolide increased in circulating $Mg^{2+}$ from blood. By contrast, PPHT stimulated $Mg^{2+}$ influx(a decrease in efflux) from the perfused hearts and circulating blood. PPHT-induced $Mg^{2+}$ influx was blocked by fluphenazine in the perfused hearts. DA-stimulated $Mg^{2+}$ efflux was inhibited by dopaminergic antagoinst in the isolated myocytes. In conclusion, the flux of $Mg^{2+}$ is modulated by DA receptor activation in the rat hearts. The efflux of $Mg^{2+}$ can be increased by $D_1$-receptor stimulation and decreased by $D_2$-receptor stimulation, respectively.