Species characterization of animal by muscle composition analysis I. The contents of histidine dipeptides in muscle from various species

근육조성에 따른 축종특이성 구명 I. 축종별 근육중 Histidine dipeptides 함량

  • Lee, Myoung-heon (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Sang-keun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jung, Gab-soo (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Park, Jong-myoung (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service)
  • Received : 1999.02.01
  • Published : 1999.06.22

Abstract

The contents of histidine dipeptides, a metabolic products of muscle protein, were investigated to compare muscle composition among the 9 domestic animals including cattle. In major domestic animals, analyzed the effects of age, part and sex of the animals on their muscle composition. Large amounts of carnosine($68.63{\pm}17.41{\mu}mol/g$) were detected in cattle and it was higher than other animals. Whereas the content of anserine showed high level in order of turkey, chickens and duck. The ratio of carnosine and anserine(C/A ratio) was different depending on the animal species. Statistical data indicated that difference among species was significant(p < 0.05). The contents of histidine dipeptides in heated muscle by boiling for 40 minutes at $110^{\circ}C$ was similar to thoes of raw muscle. C/A ratio in heated muscle was not different from that of raw muscle, indicating that no change has been made after heating process. The contents of carnosine and anserine were different according to the parts of their muscle. Especially chuck of the mammalian showed extremely low level of histidine dipeptides compared with other parts, while C/A ratio maintained certain level regardless of age, part, sex. Therefore, based on the content of histidine dipeptides, could be found the difference of muscle composition among the species. Also C/A ratio of horse, pig, cattle, duck, sheep and turkey were characteristic respectively.