Species characterization of animal by muscle composition analysis II. The composition of major fatty acids in muscle from various species

근육조성에 따른 축종특이성 구명 II. 축종별 근육중 주요 지방산 조성

  • Lee, Myoung-heon (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Sang-keun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jung, Gab-soo (National Veterinary Research & Quarantine Service, MAF) ;
  • Kim, Jae-myoung (National Veterinary Research & Quarantine Service, MAF) ;
  • Park, Jong-myoung (National Veterinary Research & Quarantine Service, MAF)
  • Received : 1999.02.01
  • Published : 1999.06.22

Abstract

The fatty acid composition of muscle were investigated to compare muscle composition among the 9 domestic animals including cattle. In major domestic animals, analyzed the effects of age, part and sex of the animal on their fatty acid composition. The content of 4 types of major fatty acids of muscle was determined and calculated their ratio. Myristic acid and palmitic acid levels were high in chicken and sheep. Besides dog muscle contained a lot of stearic acid. Linoleic acid content showed evident difference in the content depending on the animal species. The ratios of linoleic acid/palmitic acid (L/P ratio) and linoleic acid/stearic acid(L/S ratio) were characteristically high in horse and pig, whereas the ratio of palmitic acid/stearic acid(P/S ratio) was $0.71{\pm}0.17$, showing very low level in dog. As for the content of stearic acid, in cattle and chicken it was higher in young animal than adults. In duck, the contents of all fatty acids and ratio were increased by the age. As for the content of fatty acids according to the part of chicken, high level was shown in thigh than in breast and wing, while there was no remarkable variation by the part in other animal. The differences in the content of myristic acid, palmitic acid and linoleic acid among some animal could be verified in muscle lipid composition. The L/P ratio which maintained certain level regardless of age, part, sex shown distinctive pattern between the species.