Sequence analysis of ORF4 gene of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) Korean isolate CNV-1

  • Park, Jee-yong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lim, Bae-keun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-soo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 1998.09.30
  • Published : 1999.04.01

Abstract

In this study PRRSV was isolated from serum of an infected pig and designated as CNV-1, ORF4 gene was sequenced, and the nucleotide sequence, deduced amino acid sequence and the amino acid sequence of the neutralizing domain was compared with other PRRSV Strains. ORF4 gene of the Korean isolate PRRSV CNV-1 was shown to be 537bp in length, which is the same as US strain ISU55 but 21bp longer than another US strain MN1b, and 15bp shorter than European strain LV. The homologies of the nucleotide sequences between the Korean isolate CNV-1 and the US strains ISU55, MN1b and European strain LV were 91.8%, 88.1%, 67.6%, respectively, and the homologies of the deduced amino acid sequences were 94.4%, 84.4%, 68.5%, respectively. The neutralizing domain of the CNV-1 was shown to be 36 amino acids in length which is the same as ISU55, MN1b, but 4 amino acids shorter than that of the neutralizing domain reported in LV. The homologies of the amino acid sequences of the neutralizing domain between the Korean isolate CNV-1 and the US strains ISU55, MN1b and European strain LV were 92.5%, 85%, 57.5%, respectively. The molecular characteristics of ORF4 gene of the Korean isolate PRRSV CNV-1 shown in this study suggests that the CNV-1 is genetically closer to the US strains. Also the wide variation of the neutralizing domain between the CNV-1 and LV suggests that there is substantial immunogenic variation between the two strains.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Science and Engineering Foundation