Pathogenic effects of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus isolates in swine tracheal ring culture

  • Park, Bong-kyun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Collins, James E. (Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences and Veterinary Diagnostic Medicine) ;
  • Goyal, Sagar M. (Departments of Clinical and Population Sciences and Veterinary Diagnostic Medicine) ;
  • Pijoan, Carlos (College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota) ;
  • Joo, Han-soo (College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota)
  • Received : 1999.01.08
  • Published : 1999.04.01

Abstract

Pathogenic effects of 29 different porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS) virus isolates were investigated in swine tracheal ring(STR) cultures by examining their effects on the ciliary activity of STR. Inhibition of ciliary movement and destruction of the tracheal epithelium were seen between 72 and 96 hours postinoculation(PI). Virus replication was demonstrated by examining viral infectivity of the supernatants from the STR cultures. PRRS virus antigen in macrophages was detected by a streptavidin-biotin complex(ABC) immunoperoxidase method. Of the 29 PRRS virus isolates, 8 isolates were classified into pathogenic, and the remaining 21 isolates were determined as mildly pathogenic or apathogenic viruses. These results suggest that STR examination may be used as a method for predicting pathogenic variability of PRRS virus isolates.