Generation of transposon insertion mutants from type A Pasteurella multocida

  • Choi, Keum-hwa (Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota) ;
  • Maheswaran, Samuel K. (Department of Veterinary PathoBiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota)
  • Received : 1999.01.28
  • Published : 1999.04.01

Abstract

The transposon TnphoA was used to generate avirulent mutants from a type A Pasteurella multocida. A suicide vector plasmid pRT733 carrying TnphoA, having the kanamycin resistant gene and harbored in Escherichia coli K-12 strain SM10(${\lambda}pir$), was mated with streptomycin resistant P. multocida P-1059 strain as recipient. This resulted in the generation of two TnphoA insertion mutants (transconjugants, tc95-a and tc95-b) which were resistant both to kanamycin ($Km^{R}$) and streptomycin ($Sm^{R}$), secreted alkaline phosphatase, and were avirulent to turkeys. Southern blot hybridization using two probes derived from internal fragments of TnphoA, confirmed the insertion of TnphoA into 12.9kb or 13.7kb DNA fragment from the EcoRV digested genomic fragments of transconjugants. The two transconjugants, tc95-a and tc95-b, were distinguishable from their parent strains by differences in ribotypes, and outer membrane protein profiles. TnphoA insertion in both transconjugants also resulted in constitutive expression of a 33Kd iron regulated outer membrane protein (IROMP). The gene encoding $Sm^{R}$ was also located within the same 12.9kb EcoRV genomic fragment from both transconjugants. Furthermore, our finding that the recipient P. multocida P-1059 $Sm^{R}$ strain and both transconjugants were avirulent to turkeys suggest that the either 12.9kb or 13.7kb genomic DNA contains the virulence gene and speculate that the presence of $Sm^{R}$ gene or TnphoA insertion may be responsible for regulating and inactivating the gene(s) encoding virulence in P. multocida.