Experimental therapy on induced methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in canine model

  • Pak, Son-il (Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, Hong-ryul (Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 1999.02.05
  • Published : 1999.04.01

Abstract

A randomized experimental study was done to evaluate short course therapeutic efficacies of two types of mupirocin ointment (Bactroban Nasal and Bactroban) in the elimination of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal colonization (16 dogs) and wound infection (3 dogs or 18 wound sites) in dogs. In each model, dogs being assigned to TR-1 treatment group was given ointment twice a day for two consecutive days, and those that assigned to TR-2 treatment group was given the same dose for three days. Neither TR-1 nor TR-2 regimen was effective to clear nasal carriage completely with a clearing rate of 62.5% and 87.5%, respectively. Whereas, for 2 days at least twice daily application of mupirocin for wound infection was quite enough to eliminate MRSA, with a clearing rate of 83.3~100% by 4 weeks follow-up. No apparent side effects were observed in each model, and in no case was it necessary to discontinue the treatment. Further controlled studies on the elimination of nasal colonization are required to establish cost-effective and efficient regimen on companion animals.