Characterization of infectious bursal disease viruses isolated in Korea using RT/PCR and RFLP analysis

RT/PCR과 RFLP 분석에 의한 Infectious bursal disease virus(국내분리주)의 특성 규명

  • Kwon, Hyuk-moo (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Dae-kyu (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Seong, Hwan-woo (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service)
  • Received : 1998.10.07
  • Published : 1999.03.22

Abstract

Field infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDVs) were isolated from IBDV-suspected commercial chickens. The variable region in VP2 gene of six Korean IBDV isolates (K-IBDVs) and IBD vaccines was examined using the reverse transcriptase / polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RT/PCR-RFLP) assay. With all K-IBDVs and vaccine IBDVs, a 474-bp fragment of the VP2 gene was amplified and tested with various restriction enzymes. Restriction enzymes BstNI and StyI differentiated K-IBDV isolates and IBD vaccines into four groups. Restriction enzyme profiles of K-IBDV isolates were different from them of IBD vaccines. K-IBDV isolates except for 310 isolate had specific SspI and TaqI recognition sites, which were recognized in highly virulent IBDVs, but IBD vaccines had no those sites. This study showed that RT/PCR-RFLP assay was thought to be valuable tool for differentiation of IBDVs and identification of highly virulent IBDV.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단