Scouring Effect of PAPE(Polyoxyethylene Alkyl Phosphoric Ester) on Cotton Fibres

면섬유에 대한 폴리옥시에틸렌 알킬 인산에스테르의 정련효과

  • Ha, Youn-Shick (Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Kwak, Gyeong-Do (Department of Chemistry, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Chang, Yoon-Ho (Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University)
  • Received : 1999.05.19
  • Accepted : 1999.10.05
  • Published : 1999.11.10

Abstract

This study was concerned with the scouring effect of anionic surfactants, PAPE(sodium polyoxyethylene alkyl phosphoric ester) for cotton fibres. Sodium polyoxyethylene(7) nonylphenyl phosphoric ester(CPB-1) and the sodium polyoxyethylene(7) tridecyl phosphoric ester(CPB-2) were synthesized by the phosphoric esterification reaction from NP-7(polyoxyethylene(7) nonylphenyl ether) and TDA-7(polyoxyethylene(7) tridecyl ether) as scouring agents. Defoaming ability, fibre wetting time and absorbency rate of scouring agents were investigated. Being compared with the conventional scouring agent(Ultravon GP; Ciba-guyge Co.), CPB-1 and CPB-2 showed a higher defoaming ability in the cotton scouring process at room temperature. And CPB-1 has a higher wetting effect than the agents, CPB-2 or GP in distilled water bath but CPB-2 showed more scouring effect in 1.2 wt % NaOH solution bath.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 인하대학교

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