Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factors and Its Relations with EKG Findings in a Rural Adult

한 농촌지역에서의 허혈성 심질환 위험인자 분포와 심전도 소견과의 관련성

  • Sohn, Seok-Joon (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kweon, Sun-Seog (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Im, Jung-Soo (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Yong (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Min-Ho (Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Science, Chonnam National University)
  • 손석준 (전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 전남대학교 의과학연구소) ;
  • 권순석 (전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 전남대학교 의과학연구소) ;
  • 임정수 (전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 전남대학교 의과학연구소) ;
  • 김상용 (전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 전남대학교 의과학연구소) ;
  • 신민호 (전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실 및 전남대학교 의과학연구소)
  • Published : 1999.12.30

Abstract

To evaluate the ischemic heart disease risk factors and analysis on the its relationship between risk factors and ischemic heart disease on EKG findings in a rural area, We conducted cross-sectional health screening test for 1304 persons aged over 30 years. Blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, BMI and Waist/hip ratio, smoking data and EKG data were collected. Hypertension was classified by the sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure and the cutpoints of hyperlipidemia was used National Cholesterol Education Program. The cutpoint of hyperglycemia was used National Diabetes Data Group and those for obese was 30%. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Prevalence of definitive hypertension was 41.2% in males and 41.6% in females. The prevalence of hypertension showed Increasing tendency according to age increase(p<0.05). 2. Prevalence of hyperlipidemia was 20.6% in males and 20.4% in female. In females prevalence of hyperlipidemia showed increasing tendency according to age increase(p<0.001). 3. Prevalence of obese was 23.4% in males and 28.8% in females. Upper body type was predominant in females, but lower body type was predominant in males. 4. Prevalence of hyperglycemia was 11.0% in males and 12.1% in females. The prevalence of hyperglycemia showed increasing tendency according to age increase(p<0.01). 5. The smoking rate was 63.7% in males and 2.6% in females. 6. On the EKG findings, the prevalence of myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction was 6.7% in males and 7.5% in females. 7. The prevalence of Ischemic heart disease was higher in hypertension than normal in females and higher in obese than normal in males. In males and females the prevalence of ischemic heart disease was higher in hyperglycemia than normal and higher in upper body type than lower body type. But there is no statistical association among them.

Keywords

Ischemic heart disease;Risk factors;Rural

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전남대학교병원 임상연구소