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Low Temperature Effects on the Strength and Fracture Toughness of Membrane for LNG Storage Tank

LNG 저장탱크용 멤브레인재(STS 304강)의 강도 및 파괴인성에 미치는 저온효과

Kim, Jeong-Gyu;Kim, Cheol-Su;Jo, Dong-Hyeok;Kim, Do-Sik;Yun, In-Su
김정규;김철수;조동혁;김도식;윤인수

  • Published : 2000.03.01

Abstract

Tensile and fracture toughness tests of the cold-rolled STS 304 steel plate for membrane material of LNG storage tank were performed at wide range of temperatures, 11 IK(boiling point of LNG), 153K , 193K and 293K(room temperature). Tensile strength significantly increases with a decrease in temperature, but the yield strength is relatively insensitive to temperature. Elongation at 193K abruptly decreases by 50% of that at 293K, and then decreases slightly in the temperature range of 193K to 111K. Strain hardening exponents at low temperatures are about four times as high as that at 293K. Elastic-plastic fracture toughness($J_c$) and tearing modulus($T_{mat}$) tend to decrease with a decrease in temperature. The $J_c$ values are inversely related to effective yield strength in the temperature range of 111K to 293K. These phenomena result from a significant increase in the amount of transformed martensite in low temperature regions.

Keywords

LNG Storage Tank;J-Integral;Strain-Induced Martensitic Transformation;Elastic-Plastic Fracture Toughness;Effective Yield Strength;Tearing Modulus;Stretched Zone Width

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