Physicochemical Characteristics of Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze Extracts by Extraction Conditions

추출조건에 따른 배초향 추출물들의 이화학적 특성

  • Published : 2000.02.28

Abstract

Fifty-seven extracts from flower, leaf and stem of Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze were prepared by varing extraction conditions: solvents (hot water, ethanol and NaCl solution); temp.$(60,\;80\;and\;100^{\circ}C)$ and solvent ratios (10 to 35 times per material). Lipid content of leaf was 9.54% and protein content of the flower where the essential amino acids were most abundant among all parts was 16.8%. Among six minerals (Na. Ca, Fe, P, K and Mg) detected from all parts of the plant, the content of K was the highest. Extraction yield rated higher in odor of water, ethanol and NaCl solution, respectively and the extractions reached eqilibrium in about 15 to 20 min, regardless of extraction conditions. pH values of all extracted solvents maintained neutral upon extraction and a few free sugars in forms of glucose and fructose were detected from ethanol extracts. Colors and organoleptic characteristics of the extracts which determine the properties of final products varied with extraction conditions.

Keywords

Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze extracts;extraction conditions;physicochemical characteristics