Purification and Characterization of Protease Produced by Aspergillus wentti Isolated from Korean Traditional Meju

한국 전통 메주 유래의 Aspergillus wentti가 생성하는 Protease 의 정제 및 특성

  • Lim, Seong-Il (Division of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Korea Food Research Institute)
  • 임성일 (한국식품개발연구원, 생물공학연구본부)
  • Published : 2000.02.28

Abstract

The protease produced by a newly isolated Aspergillus wentti from Korean traditional Meju was purified and characterized. The optimal medium composition and culture conditions for maximum protease production were ; bran :1% glucose solution =1 : 1, pH 9.0, $30^{\circ}C$, and 4 days of fermentation. Protease was purified by QAE-Sephadex, SP-Sephadex ion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-100 chromatography. The specific activity and the purification fold of the purified enzyme were 213 unit/mg protein and 27.3, respectively. The molecular weight of purified protease was found to be 32 kDa by SDS-PAGE. Km and Vmax value's for hammastein milk casein were $3.049{\times}10^{-4}\;M\;and\;151.1\;{\mu}g/min$, respectively. Kinetic parameters showed that the enzyme has higher affinity to casein than isolated soybean protein, hemoglobin and bovine serum albumin. Optimal pH and temperature for reaction of the purified enzyme were 9.0 and $50^{\circ}C$, respectively. The enzyme was stable at pH 4.0-11.0, below $40^{\circ}C$, and the activity was not stimulated by metal ions. 1mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride inhibited the enzyme activity by 98.5%. It means that the enzyme is one of serine protease.

Keywords

Aspergillus wentti;protease;Meju