Studies on the Volatile Flavor Compounds of Sesame Oils with Roasting Temperature

볶음온도에 따른 참기름의 휘발성향기성분 변화

  • 김현위 (오뚜기 중앙연구소) ;
  • 박기문 (성균관대학교 식품생명자원학과) ;
  • 최춘언 (오뚜기 중앙연구소)
  • Published : 2000.04.30

Abstract

This study was investigated to compare the changes of flavors in sesame oil with roasting temperature $(110^{\circ}C{\sim}230^{\circ}C)$. In the results of analyzing the volatile flavor compounds of sesame oil with GC and GC/MS, 26 pyrazines, 11 pyridines, 9 thiazoles, 6 furans, 8 pyrroles, 5 phenols, 8 aldehydes, 8 hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols, 2 indoles, 3 ketones, 10 acids, 4 nitriles, 7 esters, and 5 others were isolated, identified, and quantified. The total amount of flavor compounds was increased with roasting temperature. Detected flavors could be devided into top(peak No. $1{\sim}91$), middle$(92{\sim}197)$ and last note$(198{\sim}224)$ by rentention time. The top notes(initial content 19.87 ppm) which contain pyrazines and provide representative roasted flavors were increased significantly with roasting temperature. Initial content of middle note(17.72 ppm) was increased to 36.71 ppm at $170^{\circ}C$, to 95.61 ppm at $220^{\circ}C$, and to 138.62 ppm at $230^{\circ}C$. Last note was almost unchanged up to $170^{\circ}C$ and increased at $190^{\circ}C$, whereas it indicated a tendency to decrease at $230^{\circ}C$. Pyrazines such as methylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2,6-dimethylpyrazine, trimethylpyrazine, 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine which indicate the major components among volatile flavors were increased slightly up to $150^{\circ}C$ and revealed the higher increase than any other components above $170^{\circ}C$. This tendency was also similar to pyridines, thiazoles, and furans. Most of these compounds are assumed to be developed by thermochemical reactions of sesame components by roasting above $170^{\circ}C$. It seemed that a lot of increase in phenols above $210^{\circ}C$ resulted from the production of guaiacol. Acids were almost unchanged up to $190^{\circ}C$, increased at $210^{\circ}C$, and then decreased above $220^{\circ}C$. It seemed to be resulted from pyrolysis of free fatty acids formed from thermal oxidation of oil.

Keywords

roasting temperature;volatile flavor compounds;sesame oil