Studies on the Antioxidative Compounds of Sesame Oils with Roasting Temperature

볶음온도에 따른 참기름의 항산화성분 변화

  • Published : 2000.04.30

Abstract

This study was investigated to compare the changes of antioxidative compounds in sesame oil with roasting temperature$(110^{\circ}C{\sim}230^{\circ}C)$. Lightness was decreased markedly over $170^{\circ}C$. In the changes of lignan contents, 7 different lignans unchanged up to $170^{\circ}C$ and sesamolin and sesamin decreased markedly, whereas sesamol, unknown1, unknown3 increased drastically at the higher temperatures. In tocopherol contents, ${\gamma}-tocopherol$ decreased from 70.59 mg% in unroasted oil to 33.87 mg% at $220^{\circ}C$, and to 26.73 mg% at $230^{\circ}C$. In the result of AOM(active oxygen method) test carried out at $120^{\circ}C$ for evaluating oxidative stability, the induction period of unroasted oil was 4.12 hrs and that of roasted oils was increased with roasting temperature (induction period at $220^{\circ}C$ was 27.9 hrs.). From the above results, it was confirmed that correlation coefficient between oxidative stability and lightness is -0.993 and that between oxidative stability and sesamol content is 0.934 above $170^{\circ}C$. Therefore its remarkable oxidative stability with the roasting temperature, might be considered to be due to the increase of sesamol, other lignans(unknown 1, unknown 3).

Keywords

roasting temperature;antioxidative compounds;lignans;sesame oil