Formation of Oxidative Cleavage Products from Lycopene

Lycopene으로부터 산화개열산물의 생성

  • Kim, Seon-Jae (Food Industrial Technology Research Center, Mokpo National University)
  • 김선재 (목포대학교 식품산업기술연구센터)
  • Published : 2000.12.30


Lycopene was subjected to ozonolysis in ice-cold dichloromethane. The ozonolysis products were fractionated with a silica column and the carbonyl fraction was analyzed by ODS-HPLC with a photodiode array detector and by LC-MS. UV-vis spectra and $[M+H]^+$ of the carbonyl compound peaks showed clearly that acycloretinal, apo-14'-lycopenal, apo-12'-lycopenal, apo-10'-lycopenal, apo-8'-lycopenal and apo-6'-lycopenal were formed by ozonolysis of lycopene. Lycopene was solubilized in toluene and aqueous Tween 40, and then oxidized by incubating at $37^{\circ}C$ under atmospheric oxygen. Carbonyl compounds were produced. In comparison with autoxidation and ozonolysis, each compound showed the same retention time and UV-vis spectra are identical to the reference cleavage products prepared by ozonolysis of lycopene. Thus, eccentric cleavage of lycopene was confirmed to occur in vitro under oxidation condition.