Paticle Size Distribution, Pasting Pattern and Texture of Gel of Acorn, Mungbean, and Buckwheat Starches

도토리, 녹두 및 메밀전분의 입도분포, 호화패턴과 겔특성

  • Published : 2000.12.30

Abstract

Particle size distribution, pasting properties by Rapid Visco Analyser, and textural properties of acorn, mungbean and buckwheat starches, which are the basic raw materials for mook, are compared. The major particle size of mungbean starch was $10{\sim}30$ micron, whereas acorn and buckwheat starches were $5{\sim}20$ micron. At the same starch concentration, mungbean starch had the highest peak viscosity, breakdown and setback. Acorn starch showed the lowest peak viscosity and breakdown. The peak viscosity of buckwheat starch was close to that of mungbean, however the trough and final viscosity were comparable to those of acorn starch. At the same peak viscosity, mungbean starch showed the lowest trough and final viscosity and the highest breakdown and setback. Acorn starch was differentiated from buckwheat starch in that the former had the higher value of setback. The textural properties of mungbean starch gel were significantly different from others. The texture of gels from acorn and buckwheat starches revealed that only the hardness and gumminess were different each other. The hardness of starch gels were negatively correlated with trough and final viscosity, and positively correlated with setback.

Keywords

starch;acorn;mungbean;buckwheat;particle size;pasting property;gel