파장 가변형 KrF 에시머 레이저를 이용한 층류 비예혼합 수소 화염에서의 2차원적 온도 및 농도 계측

Kim, Gun-Hong;Jin, Seong-Ho;Kim, Yong-Mo;Park, Gyeong-Seok;Kim, Se-Won;Kim, Gyeong-Su

  • 발행 : 2000.12.01


Rayleigh scattering and laser induced predissociative fluorescence are employed for capturing two-dimensional images of temperature and species concentration in a laminar nonpremixed flame of a diluted hydrogen jet. Rayleigh scattering cross-sections are experimentally obtained ar 248nm. Dispersed LIPF spectra of OH and O$_2$ are also measured in a flame in order to confirm the excitation of single vibronic state of OH and O$_2$ .OH and O$_2$ are excited on the P$_1$(8) line of the A $^2\Sigma ^+(v^`=3) - X^2\pi (V^"=0)$ band and R(17) line of the Schumann-Runge band B $^3\Sigma _u^-(v^`=0) - X ^3\Sigma _g^-(v^"=6)$, respectively. Fluorescence spectra of OH and Hot O$_2$ are captured and two-dimensional images of the hydrogen flame field are successfully visualized.


레일리 산란;레이저 유도 선해리 형광;층류 비예혼합 화염;엑시머 레이저


  1. 김후중, 김용모, 안국영, 1997, '수소 확산 화염의 구조에 미치는 Lewis 수의 영향,' 대한기계학회논문집(B) 제21권 제9호, pp. 1126-1138
  2. 진성호, 남기중, 김회산, 장래각, 박승한, 김웅, 박경석, 심경훈, 김경수, 1996, '레이저 유도 선해리 형광법(LIPE)을 이용한 화염내 OH 및 O2 분자의 2차원 농도 분포 측정,' 대한기계학회논문집(B) 제20권 제12호, pp. 4044-4052
  3. Engelhard, M., Jacob, W., Moller, W., et. al., 1995, 'New Calibration Method for the Determination of the Absolute Density of CH Radicals through Laser Induced Fluorescence,' Appl. Opt., Vol. 34, No. 21, pp. 4542-4551
  4. Miles, P. and dilligan, M., 1996, 'Quantitative In-Cylinder Fluid Composition Measurements Using Broadband Spontaneous Raman Scattering,' SAE Paper, No. 960828
  5. Lebel, M. and cottereau, M.J., 1992, 'Study of the Effect of Residual Gas Fraction on Combustion in a S.I. Engine Using Simultaneous CARS Measurements of Temperature and CO2 Concentration,' SAE Paper, No. 922388
  6. Ecbreth, A.C., 1996, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, Abacus Press, pp. 268-272
  7. Koch, A., Andresen, P., 1993, 'Planar Imaging of a Laboratory Flame and Internal Combustion in on Automobile Engine Using UV Rayleigh and Fluorescence Light,' Appl. Phys., B 56, pp. 177-184
  8. Komiyama, M., Kema, T., and Takagi, T., 1990, 'Measurements of OH Concentration and Temeprature in Diffusion Flame by Excimer Laser-induced Fluorescence and Rayleigh Scattering,' Trans. of JSME, Vol. 56, No. 523, pp. 810-816
  9. Andresen, P., Bath, A., Groger, W., Lulf, H.W., and Meijer, G., 1988, 'Laser-induced fluorescence with Runalbe Excimer Lasers as a Possible Method for Instantaneous Temperature Filed Measurements Flame,' Appl. Opt., Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 365-378
  10. Dibble, R.W. and Hollenbach, R.E., 1981, 'Laser Rayleigh Thermometry in Turbulent Flames,' Eighteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Istitute, Pittsburg, pp. 1489-1499
  11. Zhao, F.-Q., Takemoto, T., Nishida, K., et. al., 1992, 'Two-dimensional Measurements of the Fuel Vapor concentration in the combustion Chamber of a SI Engine with Laser Rayleigh Scattering,' SAE Paper, No. 922389
  12. Setchell, R.E., 1978, 'Initial Measurements within an Internal combustion Engine Using Raman Spectroscopy,' Sandia National Laboratories Report, SAND 78-1220
  13. Johnston, S.C., 1979, 'Precombustion Fuel/Air Distribution in a Stratified Charge Engine Using Laser Raman Spectroscopy,' SAE Paper, No, 790433
  14. Smith, J.R., 1980, 'Temperature and Density Measurements in an Engine by Pulsed Raman Spectroscopy,' SAE Paper, No. 800137
  15. Crosley, P.R., 1989, 'Semiquantitative Laser-Induced Fluorescence in Flames,' Combust. Flame 78, pp. 153-167
  16. Hanson, R.K., Seitzman, J.M. and Paul, P.H., 1990, 'Planar Laser-Fluorescence Imaging of Combustion Gases,' Appl. Phys., B 50, pp. 441-454
  17. Baritaud, T.A. and Heinze, T.A., 1992, 'Gasoline Distribution Measurements with PLIF in a SI Engiine,' SAE Paper, No. 922355
  18. Neij, H. and Alden M., 1994, 'Application of Two-Photon Laser-Induced Fluorescence for Visualization of Water Vapor in Combustion Environments,' Appl. Opt., Vol. 33, No. 27, pp.6514-6523
  19. Nakada, T., 1990, 'Unburnt Gas Temperature Measurements Using Single Shout CARS in a Spark Ignition Engine,' International Symposium COMODIA 90, pp. 393-398
  20. Stepowski, D. and Cabot, G., 1991, 'Single-Shot Temperature and Mixture Fraction Profiles by Rayleigh Scattering in the Development Zone of a Turbulent Diffusion Flame,' combust. Flame 88, pp. 296-308