Patterns and Contents of Ginsenoside in Normal Root Parts and Hairy Root Lines of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer

인삼 뿌리 부위별 및 모상근 세포주간 ginsenoside 양상 및 함량

  • 양덕춘 (한국인삼연초연구원) ;
  • 양계진 (중부대학교 생명자원학부)
  • Published : 2000.11.01


The patterns and contents of ginsenosides were examined in normal root parts and hairy root lines of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer. Ginsenoside-Rb$_1$, -Rb$_2$, -Rc, -Rd, -Re, -Rf, -Rg$_1$, -Rg$_2$ were detected in normal roots and hairy roots of ginseng. The patterns and contents of ginsenosides in that were very difference each other. The contents of total ginsenoside of hairy root (KGHR-1) was 17.42 mg/g dry wt, it's highest compared to others. Ginsenoside contents of hairy root (KGHR-1) was higher on ginsenoside-Rd, Rg$_1$, KGHR-5 was higher on ginsenoside-Rb$_1$, Rg$_1$, and KGHR-8 was higher on ginsenoside-Rd, Re than others. The contents of total ginsenosides on 6 years old ginseng cultured in the field were high in the order of main root, lateral root and fine roots, and content of ginsenosides in fine roots was 3.2 times higher than that in main root. The ratio of ginsenoside-Rg$_1$to total ginsenosides were about 3.43%, 8.68% and 14.18% respectively on fine root, lateral root and main root, it's very lower than that in hairy roots. It is suggested that specific ginsenosides can be produce in cultures of ginseng hairy roots.


  1. Plant Cell Res v.50 Nurtrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells Gamborg OL;Miller RA;Ojima K
  2. Kor J Biotechnol Bioeng v.4 Induction and culture of hairy roots from ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) roots discs by A. rhizogenes Hwang B;Ko KM
  3. Korean J Ginseng Sci v.11 Distribution of saponin in various sections of Panax ginseng root and changes of its content according to root age Kim MW;Ko SR;Choi KJ;Kim SC
  4. Physiol Plant v.15 A revised medium for rabid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue culture Murashige T;Skoog F
  5. Korea Ginseng ε Tobacco Research Institute Reports Progressed Korean Ginseng Nam KY
  6. Korean J. Ginseng Sci v.20 Recent studies on the chemical constituents of Korean ginseng (Panax ginsen C. A. Meyer) Park JD
  7. Korean J Ginseng Sci v.20 Growth and ginsenosides production of hairy root (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) via light energy Yang DC;Choi HY;Kim YH;Yun KY;Yang DC
  8. Korean J Plant Tissue culture v.25 Selection of active grow hairy root lines in ginseng Yang DC;Kim YH;Yang DC;Min BH;Shin SL;Choi KT
  9. Plant Cell Rep v.6 Saponin production by cultures of Panax ginseng transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes Yoshikawa T;Furuya F