Numerical Simulation of the Unsteady Flow Field Induced by a High-speed Train Passing through a Tunnel

터널을 통과하는 고속철도차량에 의해 형성되는 비정상 유동장의 수치해석

  • 권혁빈 (서울대학교 항공우주공학과 대학원) ;
  • 이동호 (서울대학교 기계항공공학) ;
  • 김문상 (항공대학교 항공우주 및 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2000.12.01


In this study, the unsteady flow field induced by a high-speed train passing through a tunnel is numerically simulated by using an axi-symmetric Euler Equation. The modified patched grid scheme applied to a structured grid system was used to handle the relative motion of a train. The hybrid-dimensional approach which mixed 1D and axi-symmetric dimension was used to reduce the computation time and memory storage. By employing the hybrid-dimensional approach, a long tunnel as much as 5 km was able to be simulated efficiently. The results show that the maximum pressure rise in the tunnel by the entrance of the train is a function of both train speed and train-tunnel cross-sectional area ratio. The unsteady pressure fluctuation in the tunnel and around the train was also investigated in the real condition; Korean high-speed train on the Seoul-Pusan line.