Full Mouth Rehabilitation

완전 구강 회복술

  • Lee, Seung-Kyu (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Bok (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kwon, Kung-Rock (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Choi, Dae-Gyun (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University)
  • 이승규 (경희대학교 치과대학 부속치과병원 보철과) ;
  • 이성복 (경희대학교 치과대학 부속치과병원 보철과) ;
  • 권긍록 (경희대학교 치과대학 부속치과병원 보철과) ;
  • 최대균 (경희대학교 치과대학 부속치과병원 보철과)
  • Published : 2000.09.30

Abstract

The treatment objectives of the complete oral rehabilitation are : (1) comfortably functioning temporomandibular joints and stomatognathic musculature, (2) adherence to the basic principle of occlusion advocated by Schuyler, (3) anterior guidance that is in harmony with the envelope of function, (4) restorations that will not violate the patient's neutral zone. There may be many roads to achieving these objectives, but they all convey varing degrees of stress and strain on the dentist and patient. There are no "easy" cases of oral rehabilitation. Time must be taken to think, time must be taken to plan, and time must be taken to perform, since time is the critical element in both success and failure. Moreover, a systematized and integrated approach will lead to a prognosis that is favorable and predictable. This approach facilitates development of optimum oral function, comfort, and esthetics, resulting in a satisfied patient. Such a systematized approach consists of four logical phase : (1) patient evaluation, (2) comprehensive analysis and treatment planning, (3) integrated and systematic reconstruction, and (4) postoperative maintenance. Firstly, we must evaluate the mandibular position. The results of a repetitive, unstrained, nondeflective, nonmanipulated mandibular closure into complete maxillomandibular intercuspation is not so much a "centric" occlusion as it is a stable occlusion. Accordingly, we ought to concern ourselves less with mandibular centricity and more with mandibular stability, which actually is the relationship we are trying to establish. The key to this stability is intercuspal precision. Once neuromuscular passivity has been achieved during an appropriate period of occlusal adjustment and provisionalization, subsequent intercuspal precision becomes the controlling factors in maintaining a stable mandibular position. Secondly, we must evaluate the planned vertical dimension of occlusion in relationship to what may now be an altered(generally diminished), and avoid the hazard of using such an abnormal position to indicate ultimate occlusal contacting points. There are no hard and fast rules to follow, no formulas, and no precise ratios between the vertical dimension of occlusion. Like centric relation, it is an area, not a point.