Fracture strength of the IPS Empress crown :The effect of incisal reduction and axial inclination on upper central incisor

IPS Empress 도재관의 파절강도 : 상악 중절치에서 절단연 삭제량과 축면 경사도에 따른 영향

  • Song, Byung-Kwen (Dept. of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Lee, Hae-Hyoung (Dept. of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Dong, Jin-Keun (Dept. of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University)
  • 송병권 (원광대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 이해형 (원광대학교 치과대학 치과생체재료학교실) ;
  • 동진근 (원광대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실)
  • Published : 2000.09.30


The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture strength of the IPS Empress ceramic crown according to the incisal depth(2.0mm, 2.5mm, 3.0mm) and axial inclination($4^{\circ}$, $8^{\circ}$, $12^{\circ}$) of the upper central incisor. After 10 metal dies were made for each group, the IPS Empress ceramic crowns were fabricated and each crown was cemented on each metal die with resin cement. The cemented crowns mounted on the testing jig were inclined 30 degrees and a universal testing machine was used to measure the fracture strength. The results were : 1. The fracture strength of the ceramic crown with 2.5mm depth and $8^{\circ}$ inclination was the highest(965N). Crowns of 2.0mm depth and $4^{\circ}$ inclination had the lowest strength(713N). There were no significant differences of the fracture strength by axial inclination in same incisal depth group. 2. The fracture mode of the crowns was similar. Most of fracture lines began at the loading area and extended through proximal surface perpendicular to the margin irrespective of incisal depth. There had correlation between fracture strength and fractured surface area.