Devulcanization of Vulcanized EPDM Rubber by a Chemical Method

화학적 방법에 의한 가황 EPDM 고무의 탈황처리

  • Moon, Jae-Ho (Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Inje University) ;
  • Kim, Yang-Soo (Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Inje University)
  • 문재호 (인제대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 김양수 (인제대학교 화학공학과)
  • Published : 2000.12.31

Abstract

It has been tried to decrease the crosslink density of vulcanized EPDM (ethylone-propylene-diene terpolymer) rubber through a chemical devulcanization treatment. Phase transfer catalyst, alkali metal (i.e., sodium), and triphenylphosphine have been used as a chemical agent ul the devulcanization treatment. Also it has been estimated the effect of the devulcanization treatment in the case of utilization of 2-butanol as a devulcanization reaction solvent. In the devulcanization treatment using quaternary ammonium salt as a phase transfer catalyst. the devulcanization effect has been studied with the variation of catalyst molecular weight and the choice of bromide or chloride cation. In the devulcanization treatment using sodium, it has been estimated the devulcanization treatment effect depending upon the variation of reaction variables such as amount of sodium used, reaction temperature, pressure of hydrogen gas, which is used as a reaction environment. The $M_c$ value (number average molecular weight between two crosslink points) has been experimentally estimated by the equilibrium swelling method and it is quantitatively related to the crosslink density. The estimation of devulcanization effect for vulcanized EPDM rubber has been carried out by the comparison of the $M_c$ values between the untreated and the treated specimens.