The Volatile Organic Compounds Released from PVC Food Wrapping Film at Normal Use Condition

식품용 PVC 포장필름의 실생활 사용환경에서 방출되는 휘발성 유기화합물

  • Nam, Sung-Hyun (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Man-Goo (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kwon, Young-Jin (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2000.07.31
  • Published : 2000.10.25

Abstract

The volatile organic compounds emitted from food wrapping films when it was used at high temperatures. However, the testing method based on solvent extraction may not be suitable for determination of volatile organic compounds from food wrapping films. Therefore, thermal extraction device was investigated in the study for reflection of actual usage conditions at home and restaurant. In this study, PVC food wrapping films were exposed to normal use condition controlled from $50^{\circ}C$ to $120^{\circ}C$ and collected on sorbent trap. Then, emitted VOCs from the films were analyzed with On-column cryofocusing-GC/MS system. The major VOCs emitted from films were $C_{12}-C_{18}$ paraffinic hydrocarbons, dimethylphthalate, alkylphenols, known as endocrine disrupting chemical, such as tetramethylbutylphenol, tert-butylphenol, and nonylphenol. The concentration of tetramethylbutylphenol emitted from PVC films was $0.07ng/cm^2$ at $50^{\circ}C$, rapidly increased with temperature, $3.94ng/cm^2$ at $100^{\circ}C$.

Keywords

VOCs;PVC;food wrapping film;on-column cryofocusing-GC/MS;alkylphenols;endocrine disrupting chemicals

References

  1. The third annual KFDA international symposium Current status and international strategy on endocrine disrupters T.P. McNeal;J.E. Biles;T.H. Begley
  2. SIS application note Thomas Hartman
  3. 식품과학과 산업 v.30 no.3 유화춘;조양희
  4. 식품공전 보건사회부
  5. Our stolen future Theo Colborn;Dianne Dumanoski;John Peterson Myers
  6. 한국포장학회지 v.8 박현진
  7. J. Agric. Food Chem. v.40 Ana Bravo;Joseph H. Hotchkiss;Terry E. Acree
  8. SIS application note John J. Manura
  9. ACS symposium series v.473 Sue M. Jickells;John W. Gramshaw;John Gilbert;Laurence Castle
  10. 플라스틱 사이언스 v.2 임명숙
  11. 강원대학교 부속 환경연구소 학술심포지엄 플라스틱과 관련된 내분비 교란물질 김만구
  12. 대한화학회 춘계학술대회 요지집 v.245 남성현;김만구;권영진
  13. 식품과학과 산업 v.30 no.2 안덕준
  14. UBA texte v.3 K. Fent
  15. Food science and nutrition v.29 Heasook Kim-Kang
  16. Technical data for Diskcon USA '96 N. Oguri
  17. ACS symposium series v.473 no.1-10 Sara J. Risch;Kurt Heikkila;Rodney Williams