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Effects of Chromium Supplementation and Lipopolysaccharide Injection on the Immune Responses of Weanling Pigs

  • Lee, D.N. (Department of Animal Science, National I-Lan Institute of Technology) ;
  • Shen, T.F. (Department of Anim. Sci., National Taiwan University) ;
  • Yen, H.T. (Pig Research Institute Taiwan) ;
  • Weng, C.F. (Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica) ;
  • Chen, B.J. (Department of Anim. Sci., National Taiwan University)
  • Received : 1999.09.16
  • Accepted : 2000.04.17
  • Published : 2000.10.01

Abstract

Sixteen specific pathogen free 4-wk-old crossbred weanling pigs were allotted into a $2{\times}2$ factorial experiment to evaluate the effects of chromium (Cr) on the immune responses after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Two factors included (1) no Cr or 400 ppb Cr supplementation from chromium picolinate (CrPic) and (2) LPS injection ($200{\mu}g/kg$ BW, intraperitoneally) on day 21 (d 21) and 35 (d 35) as compared with saline application. Plasma samples were obtained from all piglets before (0 h) and at 2 h, 4 h, 8 h, and 24 h after LPS injection. The changes in tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$ ($TNF-{\alpha}$) and leukocyte populations after LPS injection were not significant on d 21. On d 35, the plasma $TNF-{\alpha}$ level was increased at h 2 postinjection, and supplemental Cr reduced the $TNF-{\alpha}$ level. The leukocyte populations had changed profoundly and lymphocyte subsets of $CD2^+$ and $CD8^+$ were reduced at 8 h postinjection. The blood granulocytes were increased and the percentage of $CD2^+$ was reduced in the Cr-fed group on d 35. Furthermore, Cr supplementation decreased the blastogensis of concanavalin A-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) on d 21. These results suggest that 400 ppb Cr supplementation from CrPic in diets may modulate the immune responses in weanling pigs during LPS injection.

Keywords

Chromium Picolinate;Lipopolysaccharide;Immune Responses;Weanling Pigs

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Science Council of Republic of China

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