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Antioxidant Defense and Lipid Peroxide Level in Liver and Kidneys of Lead Exposed Rats

  • Patra, R.C. (Environmental Medicine Laboratory, Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute) ;
  • Swarup, D. (Environmental Medicine Laboratory, Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute) ;
  • Dwivedi, S.K. (Environmental Medicine Laboratory, Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute)
  • Received : 2000.01.05
  • Accepted : 2000.04.06
  • Published : 2000.10.01

Abstract

An experiment was carried out with 48 IVRI 2CQ rats 6-8 week old, weighing 50-100 g, to study the effect of lead exposure on antioxidant defense, lipid peroxide level, status of thiol groups and concentration of lead in the liver and kidneys at the end of the exposure and also after withdrawal of lead administration. Twenty four rats were given lead at a daily dose rate of 1 mg lead/2 ml of distilled water/kg body weight as lead acetate solution intraperitoneally for a period of 30 days. Another 24 control rats received 2 ml of sterile normal saline solution (0.85% NaCl)/kg body weight in an identical manner. A many-fold increase in concentration of lead was associated with a non-significant (p>0.05) decrease in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the liver (27%) and kidneys (12%) and catalase in kidneys (22%). A significant (p<0.05) increase in lipid peroxide level was recorded in the liver (40%) compared with control values. There were significant (p<0.05) decreases in the total thiol and protein bound thiol contents in liver and an increase in non-protein bound thiol groups in the kidneys of lead exposed rats. During the 10 day observation period after withdrawal of lead administration, no significant change was observed with respect to any of the above parameters indicating that a 10 day withdrawal period was not enough for restoration of normality. It is concluded that the magnitude of response and the resultant changes in the lipid peroxide concentration, and the activities of SOD and catalase were not identical in the liver and kidneys of lead-exposed rats.

Keywords

Lead;Oxidative Stress;Lipid Peroxide;Thiol Groups;Liver and Kidney