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Chicken Breeding with Local Breeds in China - A Review

  • Jiang, X. (Animal Breeding and Genetics Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University) ;
  • Groen, A.F. (Animal Breeding and Genetics Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University)
  • Received : 1999.12.30
  • Accepted : 2000.04.17
  • Published : 2000.10.01

Abstract

This paper reviews the meat-type chicken breeding with local breeds in China. The quality chickens are defined as purebred final products of local breeds, and semi-quality chickens as crossbreds of local breeds with specialized broiler (sire or dam) lines from western breeding organizations. The present status of the chicken production and the market in China, in comparison with the western countries, is reviewed, indicating that there is large market demand for (semi-) quality chickens in the present and future China. Breeding for (semi-) quality chickens emphasizes the sensory quality of chicken meat. The present status of breeding for (semi-) quality chickens with the local breeds is illustrated, including breeding goals and the existing breeding programs. The potential role of local breeds in breeding programs in China is discussed in relation to both providing higher quality (than commercial hybrid broilers) of chicken meat for the local market and meeting the objectives of genetic resource conservation. Besides, further research topics on breeding for (semi-) quality chickens are suggested.

Keywords

Local Breeds;Quality Chickens;Genetic Diversity;Broiler Breeding;China

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