Studies on the safety of Brucella abortus RB51 vaccine I. Comparison of the biochemical and genetic characteristics of Brucella abortus RB51 vaccine strains

부루세라백신(RB51)의 안전성에 관한 연구 I. Brucella abortus RB51 백신균주의 생화학적 및 유전학적 성상비교

  • Kim, Jong-man (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Woo, Sung-ryong (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Lee, Ji-youn (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Jung, Suk-chan (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Kang, Seung-won (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Kim, Jong-yeom (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Yoon, Yong-dhuk (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) ;
  • Cho, Sang-nae (College of Medicine, Yonsei University) ;
  • Yoo, Han-sang (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Olsen, Steven C. (National Animal Disease Center, United States Department Agriculture, United States of America)
  • Received : 2000.08.11
  • Published : 2000.09.25

Abstract

Biochemical and genetic analysis were carried out to investigate the potential recovery of pathogenecity or related mutations of Brucella abortus RB51 vaccine strains. RB51 strains were recovered from commercial vaccines, including related seed stocks from private companies in Republic of Korea, strain from USA, a reference strain from C university and a field isolate (Daehungjin) from aborted dairy cow after RB51 vaccination were compared with two identified virulent wild strains (S2308 and a field strain isolated from dairy cow in Korea) at the same conditions. All the strains examined, except identified pathogenic strains, revealed the identical characteristics to the original RB51 in biochemical properties, antigen and bacteriophage typing. Outer membrane protein (OMP) profiles from strains of RB51 showed the same patterns with standard RB51 in SDS-PAGE. In addition, Western blotting with the brucella specific monoclonal antibody also indicated that all the vaccine strains were completely deficient in their LPS compared to the pathogenic Br abortus strains. The differences in DNA structures among strains were also possible to detect after PCR. All vaccine strains, except S19, S1119-3, S1075, S544 and Br suis, were amplified a 178bp DNA fragment of eri-gene, and 364bp of IS711 elements. In contrast, 498bp DNA product was only found with Br abortus. Overall evidences in the present study confirmed that the RB51 strains for vaccine production in Korea did not originated from the phenomena of possible recovery of pathogenicity or related to any potential mutation event at all.