- Volume 25 Issue 4
Hypersensitivity Reactions to Dental Materials in Patients with Oral Mucosal Lesions
구강점막 병소 환자의 치과재료에 대한 과민반응 평가
- Jeon, Hee-Sun (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
- Ko, Myung-Yun (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
- Park, June-Sang (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University)
- Published : 2000.12.30
This study was to find dental materials causing hypersensitivity reactions by carrying out patch tests in the patients with oral mucosal lesions to investigate the possibility of hypersensitivity reactions in etiology of oral mucosal lesions. 31 patients (female 26, male 5, age range 24-72 years) with oral mucosal lesions were classified as patient group, and 41 volunteers (female 24, male 17, age range 23-40 years) without oral mucosal lesion, systemic disease and history of allergy as control group. The obtained results were as follows: 1. There were various dental restorations in most of patient group and control group, 29(94%) in 31 patient group, 35(85%) in 41 control group. 2. Among sites of oral mucosal lesions, buccal mucosa was the most common site with 60%, followed by gingiva with 24%, tongue with 16%. Lesions in contact with restorations were highly 90% in tongue and 89% in buccal mucosa, but comparatively lower 53% in gingiva. 3. The ratio of positive reactions to the patch test in patient group was significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05). 4. Dental materials causing positive reactions to the patch test were mainly mercury(19%), potassium dichromate(16%), cobalt chloride(16%) in patient group, cobalt chloride(17%) in control group. 5. In 20 patients with lichen planus, 8 patients(40%) showed positive reactions to the patch test.