A Relationship between the Joint Effusion and the Presence of Pain and Disc Displacement In the Temporomandibular Joint

자기공명영상에서 관찰되는 측두하악관절의 관절강내 삼출과 동통 및 관절원판 변위와의 관계

  • Ryu, Sang-Soo (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kee, Woo-Cheon (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Chol, Jae-Kap (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • 유상수 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 기우천 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 최재갑 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 2000.03.30

Abstract

The authors assessed if there is a relationship between joint effusion and the presence of pain, and between joint effusion and disc displacement in 446 temporomandibular joints of 223 subjects who visited the Department of Oral Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital with the complaints of temporomandibular joint problem. The amount of joint effusion and the position of disc were determined from magnetic resonance images of the temporomandibular joints. The position of disc was classified into normal disc position, disc displacement with reduction (DDWR), and disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). The amount of joint effusion was graded according to the extent of joint area of high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. These findings were correlated with one another and statistically analyzed. The results were as follows; 1. The incidence of temporomandibular joint pain Was higher in the joints with higher amount of joint effusion (P<0.001). 2. The proportion of temporomandibular joints with higher amount of effusion increased in the joints with more advanced articular disc displacement (P<0.001).