Configuration of Temporomandibular Joint Articular Disc in Magnetic Resonance Images and its Relationship to Treatment Response of Anterior Disc Displacement Without Reduction

자기공명영상사진 상에 나타난 측두하악관절원판의 형태 및 그에 따른 치료 효과의 분석

  • Kwon, Jin-Hak (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kee, Woo-Cheon (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Chol, Jae-Kap (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • 권진학 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 기우천 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 최재갑 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 2000.03.30

Abstract

The purposes of the study were (1) to see if there are various types of disc configuration in normal temporomandibular joint and, if so, (2) to examine whether a specific type of disc configuration is susceptible to disc displacement, and (3) to see if a specific type of disc configuration and position is related to early relief of clinical symptoms from the anterior disc displacement without reduction to conservative treatment. From the magnetic resonance (MR) images taken for the patients with symptoms of temporomandibular disorders, 235 images as normal joint group, 255 images as anterior disc displacement with reduction group, and 249 images as anterior disc displacement without reduction group were selected, After the TMJ image was scanned and processed with Photoshop program, the disc configuration was determined, The incidence of various types of disc configuration was analyzed according to age, sex, diagnostic group, and the promptness of symptom relief. The disc position was also examined in relation to the promptness of symptom relief. The results were as follows : 1. In the normal joint group, biconcave type appeared most frequently and reversed, biplanar type in order, Posterior band enlarged and folded type didn't appear at all. On the other hand, in the anterior disc displacement without reduction group, folded type appeared most frequently and also posterior band enlarged type were found often. 2. There were statistically significant differences between sex and configuration of disc in the normal joint group and no statistically significant differences in the anterior disc displacement with reduction group and anterior disc displacement without reduction group, 3. There were no statistically significant differences between age and configuration of disc in the normal, anterior disc displacement with reduction group and anterior disc displacement without reduction group. 4. In anterior disc displacement without reduction group, rapid response was observed in biconcave and reversed type and delayed response was observed in folded type.