A Case Report on Oro-Facial Manifestations in Leukemia (Oral Chronic GVHD)

백혈병 환자의 구강악안면 증상 발현에 관한 증례보고 (Oral Chronic GVHD)

  • Ahn, Hyoung-Joon (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kwon, Byung-Ki (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University) ;
  • Shin, Kyoung-Jin (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University) ;
  • Choi, Jong-Hoon (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Chong-Youl (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University)
  • 안형준 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 권병기 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 신경진 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 최종훈 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 김종열 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 2000.06.30

Abstract

Subsequent to an allogenic stem cell transplantation(ASCT) on patients with hematologic malignancy(AML, ALL, CML, multiple myeloma, lymphoma etc.), chronic GVHD(graft versus host disease), which is an immunological reaction, occurs. With treatment results from patients who were diagnosed with ALL(acute lymphocytic leukemia), undergone BMT(bone marrow transplantation) and showed oral and skin lesions due to GVHD, treatment of oral manifestations of leukemia and its general management were studied. 90% of patients with chronic GVHD show change in the oral mucosa causing oral manifestations such as leukoplakia, lichenoid change of the oral mucosa, mucosal atrophy, erythema, ulceration and xerostomia. In treating GVHD, extensive systemic immunosuppression cause bacterial, viral, fungal infection that are fatal, and even if the treatment is successful, the patient is already in a severe immunosuppressed state. Therefore, localized target therapy is preferred. In another words, topical application(rinse, cream, ointment etc.) of cyclosporin and steroid in treating oral chronic GVHD is highly recommended, and the use of PUVA(Psoralen Ultraviolet A) and thalidomide is reported to be effective. In treating such diseases, dental treatment to control pain and prevent secondary infection of oral manifestations is very important. To those patients with systemic diseases who show limited effect by general dental treatment, non-invasive treatment such as the dental laser, in addition to the use of drugs, may be necessary to actively treat pain and help the healing process. For greater results, new effective methods are to be developed for treatment.