Production of Protein Hydrolyzate, that can be used as Food Additives, from Okara

산업폐기물인 비지로부터 식품첨가물로 이용할 수 있는 단백질 가수분해물의 생산

  • Published : 2001.12.01

Abstract

Protein content of okara and soybean were found to be 37.3% and 42.5%, respectively by micro-Kjeldahl analysis. Solubility of okara protein in phosphate buffer (pH 8) was 10% versus soy protein of 68.4%. Insolubilization of okara protein was mostly due to disulfide bonding between cysteine residues caused by excessive heat treatment during soymilk processing: hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bondings were involved to lesser extent. Optimum extraction temperature and time were $60^{\circ}C$ and 40 min. Typical solubility profile of soy protein disappeared for okara protein though minimum solubility of the protein was around pH 3.0. Treating okara with protease was effective in solubilizing okara protein and solubility increased to 19.2%. Optimum reaction temperature and time were $80^{\circ}C$ and 50 min, respectively. Cell wall degrading enzyme did not increase solubility of the protein, however. Through enzymatic reaction okara protein could be effectively solubilized for uses as food ingredient.