Rats Lens Aldose Reductase Inhibitor Activities of Leguminous Seed Extracts

  • Kim, Byung-Su (Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology and Faculty of Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Jeong (Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology and Faculty of Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Hye-Young (Department of Food Chemistry and Biotechnology, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Ahn, Young-Joon (Division of Applied Biology and Chemistry, and the Research Center for New Bio-Materials in Agriculture, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Hoi-Seon (Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology and Faculty of Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University)
  • Published : 2001.03.01

Abstract

The methanol extracts of 25 leguminous seeds in vitro were evaluated for inhibitory activities against lens aldose reductase of Sprague Dawley male rats. The responses varied with both leguminous seed and concentration used. At the concentration of 0.1 mg/mL, the methanol extracts from Amphicaraea edgeworthii, Canavalia lineata, Gylcine max var. solitae, Glycine max var. yagkong, Glycine max var. hooktae, Glycine max var. bangkong, Glycine max var. geumdu, Glycine max var. chungtae, Glycine max var. mejukong, Glycine soja, Phaseolus radiatus var. geodu, Vicia tetrasperma, Vigna angulasis, and Vigna sinensis inhibited enzyme activity by greatertha 60%. In following study, at the concentration of 0.01 mg/mL, the extracts of C. lineata and V. tetraspermahad relatively strong inhibitory activity against aldose reductase. Because of their potent inhibitory activities, the activity of each solvent fraction from C. lineata and V. tetrasperma was determined, and the potent activity was showed from chloroform and hexane fractions, respectively. {TEX}$IC_{50}${/TEX} values of C. lineata and V. tetrasperma were 0.004 and 0.006 mg/mL, respectively. As a naturally occurring therapeutic agent, leguminous seeds described could be useful for developing new agents of antidiabetic complications.