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A Study on the Design of a High-Speed Heddle Frame

고속 직기용 복합재료 헤들 프레임의 설계에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Chang-Seop (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • O, Je-Hun (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Dae-Gil
  • Published : 2001.02.01

Abstract

The up and down speed of heddle frames that produce woven cloth by insertion of weft yarns between warp yarns has been increased recently much for productivity improvement, which induces higher inertial stresses and vibrations in the heddle frame. the heddle frame is required to reduce its mass because the heddle frame contributes the major portion of the stresses in the heddle frames during accelerating and decelerating. Conventional aluminum heddle frames have fatigue life of around 5 months at 550rpm due to their low fatigue flexural strength as well as low bending stiffness. In this work, since carbon/epoxy composite materials have high specific fatigue strength(S/p), high specific modulus(E/p), high damping capacity and sandwich construction results in lower deflections and higher buckling resistance, the sandwich structure composed of carbon/epoxy composite skins and polyurethane foam were employed for the high-speed heddle frame. The design map for the sandwich beams was accomplished to determine the optimum thickness and the stacking sequences for the heddle frames. Also the effects of the number of ribs on the stress of the heddle frame were investigated by FEM analyses. Finally, the high-speed heddle frames were manufactured with sandwich structures and the static and dynamic properties of the aluminum and the composite heddle frames were tested and compared with each other.

Keywords

Heddle Frame;Loom;Fatigue;Composite Materials;Sandwich Structure;Failure Load Map

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