Removal of Chlorine from Fly Ash in Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash by Water Washing

수세에 의한 생활폐기물 소각재 중 비산재로부터 염소성분의 제거

  • 안지환 (한국지질자원연구원 자원활용연구부) ;
  • 한기천 (한국지질자원연구원 자원활용연구부) ;
  • 김형석 (한국지질자원연구원 자원활용연구부)
  • Published : 2001.10.01

Abstract

The chlorine component in fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration ash was removed by water washing for the purpose of recycling fly ash as a raw material of ordinary portland cement. The samples were a different kind of 리y ashes using $Ca(OH)_2$and NaOH as media of wet scrubber for flue gas cleaning. The content of soluble salts of fly ash using $Ca(OH)_2$and NaOH was 32.8%, 50.1% and the content of chlorine component, 22.9% and 26.0% respectively, which was KCl, NaCl, CaC1OH mainly. When each fly ash was washed using water under conditions of a agitation speed of 300 rpm, a liquid to solid ratio of 10, most soluble salts in fly ash were dissolved within 30 minutes and the content of chlorine component in ash was diminished to the content of 4.4%, 2.O% at $20^{\circ}C$ and 1.7%, 0.8% at $50^{\circ}C$ respectively. And the main compound of residual chlorine component in ash after water washing was friedel`s salt ($3CaO.A1_2$$O_3$.$CaCl_2$.$10H2$O). From analysis results of water quality for wastewater by water washing, the components exceeding discharged wastewater standard were only Pb and Cd. But As pH was controlled to 10 with addition of $CO_2$(g) or $Na_2$$_CO3$in water, the concentration of heavy metals such as Pb and Cd was also under discharged wastewater standard.