- Volume 17 Issue 5
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ingredients(spices and medicinal plants) on the physicochemical properties of Pyunyuk a Korean style-cooked pork. Pyunyuk samples were prepared by the following 5 cooking conditions: Control(pork, water), A(pork, water, soy sauce), B(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger), C(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger, licorice, cinnamon) and D(pork, water, soy sauce, onion, ginger, licorice, cinnamon, clove and chestunt inner skin(CIS). The contents of ash, crude protein in loin and shank Pyunyuk were not significantly different among Pyunyuk samples, but crude fat content of C, D were significantly lower than control, A and B(p＜0.05). In Hunter’s color values of Pyunyuk, the lightness(L) was decreased by the addition of multiple ingredients, whereas the redness was increased. In mechanical characteristics, the hardness of control was the highest among the samples(p ＜0.05). In sensory evaluation, sample D obtained the highest score in flavor, taste, hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess and overall acceptability(p<0.05), and it was most preferred by the panels. There were higher negative-correlations between mechanical hardness and sensory characteristics of flavor, taste, cohesiveness, gumminess, brittleness and overall acceptability. From these results, it could be concluded that Pyunyuk ingredients(herbs and medicinal plants) reduce the content of crude fat, increase the tenderness and improve the flavor and taste of pork during cooking.