A Study on the Preparation and Characterization of $Zn_xSr_{1-x}S$ Thin Films

$Zn_xSr_{1-x}S$ 박막의 제작과 특성에 관한 연구

  • 이상태 (한국해양대학교 운항시스템공학부)
  • Published : 2001.10.01

Abstract

$Zn_xSr_{1-x}S$ thin films were prepared in the whole composition range by rf sputtering, using powder targets of a mixture of ZnS and SrS with the required mole fraction. The possibility of existence of $Zn_xSr_{1-x}S$ solid solutions was systematically investigated from the results of thin film growth, in terms of structural, optical characteristics and the chemical bonding of the constituent atoms. The XRD, XPS and optical results made it clear that the solid solutions with a single-phased zincblende structure and a single-phased rocksalt structure were formed at $0.86~0.93{\leq}x{\leq}1\;and\;0{\leq}x{\leq}0.29$, respectively. The miscibility gap, including phase separation regions was found to exist in $0.3{\leq}x{\leq}0.86~0.91$, in which lattice constants, binding energy and absorption edges kept almost constant by the same values as those at border compositions. The experimental results on phase transition agreed well with the fraction of ionic character fi based on the Phillips' dielectric theory.