The Development of Web Based Instruction Program on Oceanography Unit and the Analysis of Its Effects in Earth Science Class

지구과학 해양 단원의 웹 기반 학습자료 개발 및 효과 분석

  • Published : 2001.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop the web based instruction(WBI) program, to examine its effects on the science achievement, the attitude toward science, and students' perceptions on the WBI learning. The WBI program on the content of oceanography unit in Earth Science for high schools was developed using Namo 4.0, JAVA-script, Flash 4, Video Capture of SnagIt, Animation Shop graphic tools. The treatment group consisted of students who participated in the WBI program developed in this study, and the control group consisted of students who participated in the module instruction using self-learning materials. The results from this study were as follows: First, the scores of science achievement of WBI group were significantly higher than those of module group. There was not interaction effect of treatment and students' learning ability. Second, there were no significant difference in the scores of the attitude towards science learning between WBI group and module group, and there was not interaction effect of treatment and students' learning ability. Third, in the perception questionnaire of WBI learning, many students showed the WBI learning were good in terms of causing interaction between learners and web based learning materials including various images and animations. However there are several students who showed learning difficulties. For example they wonder which part is more important and what order is proper to study in hypertext environment.

Keywords

web based instruction;hypertext environment;interaction between learners and web based learning materials;module instruction