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Estimation of Additive and Dominance Genetic Variances in Line Breeding Swine

  • Ishida, T. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University) ;
  • Kuroki, T. (Kawaminami Branch, Miyazaki Livestock Experiment Station) ;
  • Harada, H. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University) ;
  • Fukuhara, R. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University)
  • Received : 2000.04.07
  • Accepted : 2000.09.15
  • Published : 2001.01.01

Abstract

Additive and dominance genetic variances were estimated for purebred Landrace selected with line breeding from 1989 to 1995 at Miyazaki Livestock Experiment Station, Kawaminami Branch. Ten body measurements, two reproductive traits and fifteen carcass traits were analyzed with single-trait mixed model analysis. The estimates of narrow-sense heritabilities by additive model were in the range of 0.07 to 0.46 for body measurements, 0.05 to 0.14 for reproductive traits, and 0.05 to 0.68 for carcass traits. The additive model tended to slightly overestimate the narrow-sense heritabilities as compared to the additive and dominance model. The proportion of the dominance variance to total genetic variance ranged from 0.11 to 0.91 for body measurements, 0.00 to 0.65 for reproductive traits, and 0.00 to 0.86 for carcass traits. Large differences among traits were found in the ratio of dominance to total genetic variance. These results suggested that dominance effect would affect the expression of all ten body measurements, one reproductive trait, and nine carcass traits. It is justified to consider the dominance effects in genetic evaluation of the selected lines for those traits.

Keywords

Dominance Variance;Animal Model;Swine;Body Measurement;Reproductive Trait;Carcass Trait

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