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Effects of Wet Feeding of Processed Diets on Performance, Morphological Changes in the Small Intestine and Nutrient Digestibility in Weaned Pigs

  • Yang, J.S. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Ko, T.G. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, T.B. (Dodram B&F) ;
  • Chae, B.J. (Division of Animal Resources, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Y.Y. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, In K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2001.03.15
  • Accepted : 2001.06.02
  • Published : 2001.09.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different methods of feeding and processing of diets on performance, morphological changes in the small intestine and nutrient digestibility of young pigs. A total of 120 pigs (Youkshire${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Duroc; initial body weight of $5.83{\pm}0.67kg$) were randomly allotted into six treatments in a $2{\times}3$ factorial design. Treatments were 1) dry feeding with a mash diet (DM), 2) dry feeding with a pelleted diet (DP), 3) dry feeding with an expanded crumble diet (DEC), 4) wet feeding with a mash diet (WM), 5) wet feeding with a pelleted diet (WP), 6) wet feeding with an expanded crumble diet (WEC). Average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) were not significantly (p>0.05) different among treatments. However, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was significantly improved when pigs fed a pelleted diet or an expanded crumble diet. Pigs fed an expanded crumble diet showed 9.2% and 17.3% improvement in ADG and FCR compared with those fed a mash diet. The morphological changes in the small intestine were examined at the termination (4 weeks after weaning) of the experiment. Differences in morphological changes of gastrointestinal tract were not significant among treatments. Though villus height was not significantly affected by feeding method or feed processing, the villus height of weaned pigs tended to be preserved by wet feeding. The use of a pelleted diet also helped to prevent the shortening of villus height. Pigs fed a WP diet maintained the highest villus height at all parts of the small intestine. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in nutrient digestibility among treatments. However, nutrient digestibility for pigs fed a pelleted diet had a higher than that of pigs fed mash diets. Especially, pigs fed a WP diet digested 5.3% more P each day than those fed a DM diet. Compared with the mash diet, the expanded crumble diet decreased feed cost per kg weight gain by 15%. The net profit per pig was 79% higher in the expanded crumble diet pigs than in mash diet pigs. In conclusion, this study suggests that feeding processed diets to piglets can be more beneficial in terms of FCR and production cost.

Keywords

Wet Feeding;Feed Processing;Growth Performance;Intestinal Morphology;Nutrient Digestibility;Weaned Pigs

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