Antioxidant activity of vitamin C in iron-overloaded swine plasma

철분 투여한 돼지에서 비타민 C의 항산화 작용

  • Lim, Dongjoo (Maya Trading Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Song, Hochul (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Park, Junbong (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University)
  • Accepted : 2001.08.10
  • Published : 2001.09.25

Abstract

Iron deficient anemia in piglets could be overcome by supplementary iron. Overloaded iron induced peroxidation of cell membrane and increased malonaldehyde (MDA). Antioxidant activity of vitamin C has been studied in iron-overloaded swine plasma. Erythrocyte fragility, MDA, glutathione, vitamin A, and vitamin E were measured in swine plasma with or without iron (0~1mg/dl) and vitamin C (0~10mg/dl). Erythrocyte fragility increased from 8% to 45% in iron group and reduced from 57% to 43% in vitamin C group with dose dependant response. MDA was $0.94{\pm}0.05$ and $1.86{\pm}0.10$ nmol/ml in piglet and pig, respectively, and significantly high in pig (p<0.05). Iron increased MDA from $1.86{\pm}0.10$ to $9.46{\pm}0.04$ nmol/ml in pig, but not in piglet (p<0.05). Vitamin C reduced MDA from $9.46{\pm}0.04$ to $4.80{\pm}0.10$ nmol/ml in pig. Iron increased glutathione from $90.12{\pm}0.10$ to $108.52{\pm}5.29$ nmol/dl in pig, and vitamin C reduced glutathione from $108.52{\pm}5.29$ to $93.52{\pm}2.44$ nmol/dl (p<0.05). Vitamin A and E were $24.86{\pm}2.70$ to $138.29{\pm}6.70{\mu}g/dl$, respectively in iron group, and $35.76{\pm}0.60$ to $177.21{\pm}2.95{\mu}g/dl$, respectively in supplementary vitamin C group (p<0.05). These data indicated an antioxidant activity of vitamin C in iron-overloaded swine plasma.