Measuring stress responses using active biotelemetry in cattle II. Fluid administration for reducing transport stress

Active biotelemetry를 이용한 젖소의 스트레스 반응 측정: II. 수송 스트레스 감소를 위한 수액투여 효과

  • 이수한 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이병한 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 임좌진 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김진영 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이동희 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김재경 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 최농훈 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 정순욱 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 정병현 (건국대학교 수의과대학)
  • Accepted : 2001.11.13
  • Published : 2001.12.24

Abstract

A transport stress is one of the main causes of economic losses and physiological dysfunction. The present study has been performed to suggest a method to decrease the adverse effects above mentioned from transport. The groups were prepared as follows; (1) Control group : 4 cattle transported for 5 hrs (274 km) without any treatment, (2) Treatment group : 4 cattle treated with electrolyte-mineral solution (I.V.) at 1 hr before the enrollment of transport under same experimental condition with Control group. The blood specimens were collected at 1 hr before transport, 2.3 hrs (135 km) and 5 hrs (274 km) after the enrollment of transport, and 1, 6 and 18 hrs after fulfillment of transport. The collected blood specimens were analyzed for cortisol and epinephrine. Core temperature and heart rate were measured with active biotelemetry in every 30 minutes from 0.5 hr before the start of transport to 18 hrs after the end of transport. In results, the level of cortisol considerably increased to the peak either in Control group ($5.3{\pm}1.3{\mu}g/d{\ell}$) and in Treatment group ($4.0{\pm}2.6{\mu}g/d{\ell}$) at 2.3 hrs in transport. The concentration of epinephrine of Treatment group had been higher than that of Control group from the start of transport to 18 hrs after the fulfillment of transport. Particularly there was the biggest gap between Control and Treatment groups, $424.0{\pm}194.1pg/m{\ell}$ and $209.1{\pm}65.1pg/m{\ell}$ respectively, at 6 hrs after the end of transport. The heart rates were considerably increased either in Control group ($81.5{\pm}18.5$ to $126.3{\pm}7.8beats/min$) and in Treatment group ($114.3{\pm}14.4$ to $140.8{\pm}22.4beats/min$) with the enrollment of transport. These results indicate that the concentration of cortisol and the heart rate were pertinent to cognitive parameters to evaluate physiological responses against stress such as transport. In addition, the intravenous administration of electrolyte-mineral solution could be suggested as the method to decrease the adverse effects from a transport stress.